Cheshire is a county in the North West of England. The county has a population of around 1 million. It is mostly rural, with a number of small towns and villages. Numerous half-timbered houses date from the 15th to 17th centuries, especially in the south of the county.
The Romans occupied Cheshire for almost 400 years. After the withdrawal of the Romans, Cheshire belonged to Mercia, an Anglo-Saxon kingdom. During the Norman Conquest in 1070, Cheshire was harshly ruled by the occupiers when the locals rebelled against the invaders.
Wars ravaged the county again during the English Civil War in 1642, despite the local gentry trying to keep the county neutral.
During the Industrial Revolution, Cheshire’s population changed as agricultural labourers moved to the factories and docks in Manchester, Liverpool and other parts of Lancashire.